Jermuk

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Location: Vayots Dzor region
From Yerevan: 175km/3h.



Jermuk is located within forests and mountains of Aragatsotn region, on a small plateau, 2080 m above sea level; the plateau is divided into two parts by the Arpa river gorge.  The average air temperature in spring is +0.4 C, in summer - +15.3 C, in autumn - +4.9 C, and in winter - -9 C.

The settlement was first mentioned in the 13th century, though the ruins of cyclopean fortress and the 8th century church indicate that it has more ancient history. Jermuk waters were reliable means of treatment of various illnesses for centuries. According to historical sources, Jermuk was the summer residence of Syunik dukes. There are evidences that people overcame long impassable gorges and narrow trails to have bath in the warm and curing waters of Jermuk. The ruins of the pool, built in the Middle Ages, grounds to assume that mineral waters of Jermuk were used as treatment means from times immemorial. 

Jermuk waterfall is really unique; people called this wonder, flowing to the Arpa river gorge from 70 m height, “Mermaid’s hair”. Vayots Dzor region is rich with historical and cultural monument and sight: Kechut Reservoir, Gndevank, Vardan’s Stone, medieval Gladzor University, Noravank monastic complex and so on. Kechut Reservoir is fed by the Arpa river waters and atmospheric precipitations. It is the main node of the hydraulic-technical structure “Arpa-Sevan”, which is the beginning of the underwater tunnel of 48 km length. 
 
Though Jermuk has quite a long history, the modern city was founded only in 1940, after the construction of the first sanatorium. Later years, all the possibilities and conditions were created for active rest, curing and tourism for locals and guests as well. Today there are plenty of high quality sanatoriums in Jermuk. The most popular one is “Jermuk Armenia” Sanatorium.




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